The history of ice hockey was born in Canada, where a group of students from McGill University wrote the first written rules of ice hockey in 1877. The same University founded the first team called McGill University Hockey Club. In Europe, the first field hockey players joined the university teams of Oxford and Cambridge.
The development of the game and the rules of ice hockey led over the entire country of its origin. In Canada, field hockey spread rapidly, as there was a large number of players who wanted to play this new sport.
Due to the great popularity of the game, the city of Montreal, taking advantage of the winter fair of 1883, created the first ice hockey competition. In 1886, the history of ice hockey took a turn, when the players of several teams that participated in the Montreal competition decided to create a league called the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association. They added some rules to the rules of ice hockey such as the penalty or the puck (puck) that is used today. Previously, the rules of ice hockey dictated that the puck had to be square and made of wood.
In 1888, Lord Stanley of Preston, President of Canada, would make his mark in the history of ice hockey. He created the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup competition, which would later be known as the Stanley Cup. The first players in history to win the Stanley Cup were from the Montreal Hockey Club. In 1910, this award was given to teams with professional field hockey players. Today, it is the trophy given to the winner of the National Hockey League (NHL).
Types of field hockey
Field hockey is a family of sports in which we can see sports that share similarities, but at the same time are very different from each other. For example, the rules of field field hockey are very different from the rules of ice hockey. And the equipment of field hockey players is in some cases very different. Apart from sharing some basic field hockey rules, they also share much of their history.
Ice hockey was invented in Canada in 1877 when the rules of ice hockey were first written down. It is so named because field hockey players try to score a goal, that is to say, to put the puck into the opponent’s goal while skating on ice.
The history of field field hockey begins practically with human history, records have been found that a sport very similar to field hockey was played in Egypt, coming from the years 2,000 BC. Here the players do not skate, the players run after the ball to hit it and score a goal. The goals are larger and squarer than those of ice hockey or roller field hockey.
Roller field hockey was born in England at the end of the 19th century, but its history is actually related to that of ice hockey, since it is a variant of it. This sport can be practiced in warmer or more tropical places than ice hockey, since it does not need a climatic condition (in this case cold) to be practiced.
Basic rules of ice hockey – 10 rules in a nutshell
In field hockey, whoever scores the most goals wins.
Ice hockey is played in three periods of 15 minutes each.
It is played with a puck called a puck.
Each team consists of five field field hockey players and a goalie.
The basic rules of ice hockey dictate that the game begins in the center circle with a face-off. The referee drops the puck between two opposing players who are fighting for their team’s position.
According to ice hockey rules, if the game ends in a tie, it will be decided in shootouts (penalty shootout).
Players can use physical strength to win the puck from their opponent. As explained in the basic rules of ice hockey, body control may be used but is prohibited on the back or above shoulder height.
Field hockey players charged with a minor penalty must leave the ice for 2 minutes and their team will continue to play with 5 players. Ice hockey rules state that if the opposing team scores a goal within those two minutes, the player may return to the ice immediately.
A minor penalty can include tripping an opponent with the field hockey stick, a grab with the stick or hands, a hook with the stick or a body check on a player without the puck.
Severe penalties remove a player from the ice for up to 5 minutes. These may include fighting, inflicting serious injury to opposing players or continued minor infractions.
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